Bloggfrslur mnaarins, jl 2019

"Mayo is unique in having an adipose-derived allogeneic stem cell bank. It provides us with donor mesenchymal stem cells, which we mix with recycled autologous cells to - obtain enough cells to fill the patient's cartilage defect without operating twice,"

slanska nest.*

Mayo Clinic offers a unique regenerative medicine approach for repairing knee cartilage, which can be completed in a single surgery. The Food and Drug Administration approved the use of this technique, known as recycled cartilage auto/allo implantation (RECLAIM), in a trial utilizing the stem cell bank in the Mayo Clinic Center for Regenerative Medicine.

"Mayo is unique in having an adipose-derived allogeneic stem cell bank. It provides us with donor mesenchymal stem cells, which we mix with recycled autologous cells to quickly obtain enough cells to fill the patient's cartilage defect without operating twice," says Daniel B. Saris, M.D., Ph.D., an orthopedic surgeon at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, who specializes in knee surgery and focuses on regenerative medicine.

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Novel stem cell therapy for repair of knee cartilag

https://www.mayoclinic.org/medical-professionals/orthopedic-surgery/news/novel-stem-cell-therapy-for-repair-of-knee-cartilage/MAC-20450891

klikka mynd, strri

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Mayo Clinic offers a unique regenerative medicine approach for repairing knee cartilage, which can be completed in a single surgery. The Food and Drug Administration approved the use of this technique, known as recycled cartilage auto/allo implantation (RECLAIM), in a trial utilizing the stem cell bank in the Mayo Clinic Center for Regenerative Medicine.

"Mayo is unique in having an adipose-derived allogeneic stem cell bank. It provides us with donor mesenchymal stem cells, which we mix with recycled autologous cells to quickly obtain enough cells to fill the patient's cartilage defect without operating twice," says Daniel B. Saris, M.D., Ph.D., an orthopedic surgeon at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, who specializes in knee surgery and focuses on regenerative medicine.

RECLAIM cartilage repair technique

Dr. Saris previously performed the RECLAIM cartilage repair technique in Europe. "The results, about four years out, are very good comparable to or better than other cell therapies, except these patients achieve normal function after surgery about six months more quickly," he says.

Planning is underway for a clinical trial at Mayo Clinic. RECLAIM is used to repair symptomatic cartilage defects, usually resulting from trauma or an athletic injury. The procedure might be suitable for nonarthritic patients ages 18 to 50 who have fresh cartilage defects.

Recycling patient cells

Existing cell therapy to repair knee cartilage generally involves surgically debriding the cartilage defect and then taking a biopsy of healthy cartilage from the patient. The biopsy is cultured in an outside laboratory, and the cultured cells are implanted weeks later. "We wanted to improve this technique because during the waiting period, the patient's life is on hold, costs increase and the logistics can be complex," Dr. Saris says.

RECLAIM's innovation starts with saving the patient's debrided tissue. "That tissue is always a bit frilly and is normally discarded," Dr. Saris says. "But we found that the cells in that tissue are still very viable. We recycle them."

The resected tissue is processed and, using a rapid isolation protocol, digested into chondrons. Mixing the chondrons with allogeneic stem cells from the stem cell bank provides sufficient cells to immediately re-inject into the patient.

"This is a highly innovative procedure," Dr. Saris says. "You have to find an intricate balance loading enough cells to grow into healthy tissue but not overloading the space so the cells are squished when the patient starts rehab."

Most patients return home on the day of surgery. They generally need to wait nine to 12 months before a full return to sports; that interval provides time for the cartilage to grow and the patient to regain muscle control. "But apart from sports, patients can go back to normal life within days and physical activities within three to four months of surgery," Dr. Saris says.

Mayo Clinic's multidisciplinary approach provides the range of care needed by patients at all stages of knee cartilage repair. Before surgery, advanced imaging helps pinpoint the cartilage defect. "Our physiotherapists and athletic trainers also determine prior to surgery how we can optimize the patient's musculoskeletal control and function, and then work with the patient on rehab after surgery," Dr. Saris says.

Mayo Clinic also has the breadth of orthopedic expertise to manage problems that patients often experience alongside damaged knee cartilage, such as varus deformity and anterior cruciate ligament or meniscus lesions. "If a cartilage repair procedure fails, it's generally because not enough attention was paid to other factors the meniscus or the knee's alignment or stability," Dr. Saris says. "Our unique multidisciplinary team looks at all aspects of a patient's care. Our chances of success for these complex biological reconstructions is therefore high."

The cartilage repair technique illustrates Mayo Clinic's commitment to applying regenerative medicine to orthopedic surgery. "We are focused on patient-centered progress," Dr. Saris says. "We want to make sure there is a safe and efficacious portfolio of regenerative medicine therapies for musculoskeletal problems."

slanska hr, endursgn*

Af heimasu Mayo Clinic

Nstrleg stofnfrumumefer til a lkna brjskskaa hn

Mayo Clinic bur upp einstaka enduruppbyggjandi lknisager til a gera vi brjskskaa hn en hgt er a ljka meferinni me einni ager. Matvla- og lyfjaeftirliti samykkti notkun essarar tkni sem ekkt er sem grsla me endurunnu brjski (RECLAIM), tilraun ar sem stofnfrumubankinn Mayo Clinic Center var nttur enduruppbyggjandi mefer.

Mayo er einstakt hva a varar a hafa fituafleiddan samgena stofnfrumubanka. Hann sr okkur fyrir gjafa-fsturbandvefsstofnfrumum sem vi blndum saman vi endurunnar samgena frumur til a n fljtt fram ngum frumum til a fylla upp skadda brjsk sjklingsins n ess a gera tvo uppskuri, segir Daniel B. Saris, doktor lknisfri og bklunarskurlknir vi Mayo Clinic Rochester, Minnesota, sem srhfir sig hnjagerum og einbeitir sr a enduruppbyggjandi agerum.

RECLAIM-tknin brjskvigerum

Saris lknir beitti ur RECLAIM-tkninni brjskvigerum Evrpu. rangurinn, eftir um fjgur r, er mjg gur, sambrilegur ea betri en arar frumumeferir, nema a essir sjklingar n venjulegri hreyfifrni eftir ager um hlfu ri fyrr, segir hann. Veri er a undirba klnskar tilraunir Mayo Clinic. RECLAIM-aferin er notu til a laga einkennandi brjskskemmdir sem yfirleitt stafa af slysum ea vegna rttameisla. Aferin gti henta sjklingum, sem ekki jst af gigt, aldrinum 18-50 ra sem hafa njar brjskskemmdir.

A endurvinna frumur r sjklingum

S frumumefer sem n er beitt til a gera vi brjskskemmdir hn er yfirleitt ger ann htt a skemmda brjski er fjarlgt me skurager og san er tekinn vefur r heilbrigu brjski r sjklingnum. Vefurinn er rktaur rannsknarstofu og njum vef er komi fyrir mrgum vikum sar. Vi vildum bta essa tkni vegna bitmans, sjklingurinn er kyrrstu, kostnaur eykst og flutningsferli getur veri flki, segir Saris lknir.

a fyrsta sem er nstrlegt vi RECLAIM-tknina er a skemmdi vefurinn er geymdur. Vefurinn er alltaf svolti tttur og er oftast hent, segir Saris lknir. En vi fundum t a frumurnar vefnum eru enn mjg lfvnlegar. Vi endurntum r.

Vefurinn er mehndlaur og, me v a einangra hann mjg fljtt skv. reglum, unnar r honum brjskfrumur. Me v a blanda brjskfrumunum saman vi samgena stofnfrumur r stofnfrumubankanum verur til ngilegt magn af frumum til a hgt s a sprauta eim strax sjklinginn.

etta er afar nstrleg afer, segir Saris lknir. etta er vikvmt jafnvgi; a nota ngu miki magn af frumum til a vera a heilbrigum vef en um lei m ekki a ofhlaa plssi annig a frumurnar su klemmdar egar sjklingurinn byrjar endurhfingu.

Flestir sjklingar fara heim samdgurs. Yfirleitt urfa eir a ba nu til tlf mnui ur en eir geta fari a fa rttir a fullu, a hl gefur brjskinu fri til a vaxa og sjklingurinn fr tma til a endurheimta stjrn vvum. A rttum frtldum geta sjklingar sni aftur til daglegra athafna eftir nokkra daga og byrja lkamlega reynslu eftir rj til fjra mnui eftir agerina, segir Saris lknir.

Fjlfagleg nlgun Mayo Clinic gefur af sr fjlbreytt svi umnnunar sem sjklingar arfnast llum stigum hnjagera. Fyrir ager er notu ntmaleg myndgreining til a stasetja hnmeislin nkvmlega. Sjkra- og rttajlfarar okkar reikna einnig t fyrir ager hvernig hgt er a hmarka stjrn og virkni stokerfisins og san vinna eir me sjklingnum endurhfingu eftir ager, segir Saris lknir.

Mayo Clinic hefur einnig vtka srfriekkingu bklunarlkningum til a takast vi vandaml sem sjklingar upplifa oft tengslum vi brjskskaa hn, svo sem mis konar afmyndun og krossbanda- ea brjskfameisli. Ef brjskager hn mistekst er a yfirleitt vegna ess a ekki var ng huga a rum ttum; brjskfanum ea stu hnsins ea stugleika ess, segir Saris lknir. Okkar einstaka fjlfaglega teymi tekur alla tti umnnun sjklingsins til greina. Mguleikar okkar til rangurs essari flknu lffrilegu endurbyggingu eru v miklir.

essi tkni til brjskvigera endurspeglar einur Mayo Clinic til a bta uppbyggilegri mefer vi bklunarlkningar. Vi einblnum framfarir sjklingsins, segir Saris lknir. Vi viljum vera viss um a a su margir ruggir og gir valmguleikar af uppbyggjandi mefer gegn stokerfisvandamlum.

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MAC-20450891

Egilsstair, 24.07.2019 Jnas Gunnlaugsson


We - counted all of the stem cells - made sure they - survive inside - patient, - Most clinics just draw the cells from bone marrow or fat and inject them back into the patient without checking for stem cells, hoping that patients get better,

slenska nest,*

The study was conducted in Mayos Human Cell Therapy Lab. Researchers extracted 60 to 90 milliliters of bone marrow from each patient, then filtered it, removed all blood cells, and concentrated it down to 4 to 5 milliliters. The solution, which contained tens of thousands of stem cells, was injected into a patients knee using ultrasound-guided imagery.

We actually counted all of the stem cells with markers that are accepted by the FDA, and we made sure they would be able to survive inside the patient, Dr. Shapiro says. Counting is expensive. Most clinics just draw the cells from bone marrow or fat and inject them back into the patient without checking for stem cells, hoping that patients get better, he says.

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By Kevin Punsky

Mayo Clinic finds surprising results on first-ever test of stem cell therapy to treat arthritis
December 6, 2016
medical illustration of stem cells

JACKSONVILLE, Fla. Researchers at Mayo Clinics campus in Florida have conducted the worlds first prospective, blinded and placebo-controlled clinical study to test the benefit of using bone marrow stem cells, a regenerative medicine therapy, to reduce arthritic pain and disability in knees.

The researchers say such testing is needed because there are at least 600 stem cell clinics in the U.S. offering one form of stem cell therapy or another to an estimated 100,000-plus patients, who pay thousands of dollars, out of pocket, for the treatment, which has not undergone demanding clinical study.

The findings in The American Journal of Sports Medicine include an anomalous finding patients not only had a dramatic improvement in the knee that received stem cells, but also in their other knee, which also had painful arthritis but received only a saline control injection. Each of the 25 patients enrolled in the study had two bad knees, but did not know which knee received the stem cells.

Given that the stem cell-treated knee was no better than the control-treated knee both were significantly better than before the study began the researchers say the stem cells effectiveness remains somewhat uninterpretable. They are only able to conclude the procedure is safe to undergo as an option for knee pain, but they cannot yet recommend it for routine arthritis care.

Our findings can be interpreted in ways that we now need to test one of which is that bone marrow stem cell injection in one ailing knee can relieve pain in both affected knees in a systemic or whole-body fashion, says the studys lead author, Shane Shapiro, M.D., a Mayo Clinic orthopedic physician.

Journalists, sound bites with Dr. Shane Shapiroare available in the downloads below.

MEDIA CONTACT: Kevin Punsky, Mayo Clinic Public Affairs, 904-953-0746, punsky.kevin@mayo.edu

One hypothesis is that the stem cells we tested can home to areas of injury where they are needed, which makes sense, given that stem cells injected intravenously in cancer treatments end up in the patients bone marrow where they need to go, he says. This is just a theory that can explain our results, so it needs further testing.

Another explanation is that merely injecting any substance into a knee offered relief from pain.

That could be, but both this idea and the notion that a placebo effect could be involved would be surprising, given that some patients are still doing very well years after their study treatment ended, says Dr. Shapiro.

He adds that these findings are important because while use of a patients own stem cells for regenerative therapy is extraordinarily popular, the treatments may be untested and are often poorly regulated.

Stem cell clinics often offer expensive treatments for conditions that range from multiple sclerosis, lung and heart disease, to cosmetic treatments, such as facelifts. None of these techniques have been studied because clinics maintain that use of a patients own cells is not a drug.

But, depending on how they are processed and used, stem cells can, in fact, be regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration as biological products or drugs requiring rigorous safety and efficacy approval processes. In early September, the FDA held scientific meetings to clarify how to regulate such practices.

Mayo Clinic researchers developed their study with FDA approval.

We feel that if we are going to offer any stem cell procedures to our patients, the science needs to be worked out, Dr. Shapiro says.

The study was conducted in Mayos Human Cell Therapy Lab. Researchers extracted 60 to 90 milliliters of bone marrow from each patient, then filtered it, removed all blood cells, and concentrated it down to 4 to 5 milliliters. The solution, which contained tens of thousands of stem cells, was injected into a patients knee using ultrasound-guided imagery.

We actually counted all of the stem cells with markers that are accepted by the FDA, and we made sure they would be able to survive inside the patient, Dr. Shapiro says. Counting is expensive. Most clinics just draw the cells from bone marrow or fat and inject them back into the patient without checking for stem cells, hoping that patients get better, he says.

Dr. Shapiro and his colleagues are currently designing new studies that will test whether the stem cells home to distant areas of injuries, as well as exploring other implications suggested in their findings.

Study investigators include Mayo Clinic in Florida senior author Mary L. OConnor, M.D., Shari E. Kazmerchak, Michael G. Heckman, and Abba C. Zubair, M.D., Ph.D. Dr. OConnor is now at Yale University.

Funding for this study was from Mayo Clinics Center for Regenerative Medicine.

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About Mayo Clinic
Mayo Clinic is a nonprofit organization committed to clinical practice, education and research, providing expert, whole-person care to everyone who needs healing.For more information, visithttp://www.mayoclinic.org/about-mayo-clinicorhttps://newsnetwork.mayoclinic.org/.

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*slenska hr, endursgn.

Eftir Kevin Punsky

Jacksonville, Florida, 6. desember 2016

Mayo Clinic birtir vntar niurstur r fyrstu tilraun til a nota stofnfrumumefer til a lkna gigt

Rannsknarflk vi Mayo Clinic-stofnunina Flrda hefur gert fyrstu blindandi (ar sem sjklingar vissu ekki um alla tti rannsknarinnar svo a hefi ekki hrif niurstur)og lyfleysustru klnsku rannskn sem ger hefur veri, til a prfa vinninginn af v a nota stofnfrumur r beinmerg, uppbyggjandi lknismefer, til a draga r gigtarverkjum og meislum hn.

Rannsakendur segja a rf s slkum prfunum vegna ess a minnsta kosti 600 stofnfrumulkningastofur su Bandarkjunum sem bja upp einhvers konar stofnfrumumefer. Tali er a yfir hundra sund manns hafi greitt sundir dollara r eigin vasa fyrir mefer sem hefur ekki veri reynd me klnskum aferum.

Niursturnar The American Journal of Sports Medicine fela sr vntar niurstur; ekki aeins fundu sjklingar fyrir mjg miklum bata v hn sem fkk stofnfrumur heldur einnig hinu hnnu, sem lka var j af gigt en a var aeins sprauta saltlausn.

Allir sjklingarnir tuttugu og fimm sem tku tt rannskninni voru veikir bum hnjm en vissu ekki hvort hn fkk stofnfrumumefer. Ef gert er r fyrir v a a hn sem fkk stofnfrumumefer hafi ekki veri neitt betur sett en hitt hn eftir mefer voru bi hnn umtalsvert betri en ur en rannsknin byrjai segja rannsakendur a virkni stofnfrumna s fram fremur huldu. eir geta aeins lykta a htt s a nota aferina til a lina srsauka hn en eir geta ekki enn mlt me henni sem hefbundinni gigtarmefer.

Hgt er a tlka niurstur okkar msa vegu sem vi verum n a prfa, ar meal eru r a innsprautun beinmergs-stofnfrumna veikt hn geti ltt srsauka bum hnjm heildrnan htt, segir aalhfundur rannsknarinnar, Shane Shapiro lknir, bklunarlknir vi Mayo Clinic.

Ein tilgtan er a stofnfrumurnar sem vi prfuum rati a meislum ar sem eirra er rf, sem er skiljanlegt egar liti er a a stofnfrumur sem sprauta er krabbameinsmeferum enda a lokum beinmerg sjklinganna, ar sem rf er eim, segir hann. etta er aeins tilgta sem gti tskrt rangur okkar og v arf a rannsaka hana betur.

nnur tskring er a bara a a sprauta hvaa efni sem er hn lini srsauka.

a gti veri en ef bi essi tilgta, og s giskun a um lyfleysuhrif gti veri a ra, vru rttar, kmi a vart egar teki er til greina a sumum sjklingum gengur enn mjg vel, mrgum rum eftir a mefer eirra lauk, segir Shapiro lknir.

Hann btir vi a essar niurstur su mikilvgar vegna ess a um lei og notkun eigin stofnfrumum sjklinga fyrir uppbyggjandi mefer er mjg vinsl, gti tt eftir a prfa aferirnar og oft er fylgst illa me eim.

Stofnfrumulkningastofur bja oft upp dra mefer gegn alls konar sjkdmum, allt fr heila- og mnusiggi og lungna- og hjartasjkdmum til ltaagera, svo sem andlitslyftinga. Engar af essum aferum hafa veri prfaar vegna ess a stofurnar halda v fram a notkun eigin frumum sjklinganna s ekki lyfjamefer.

Mia vi a hvernig stofnfrumurnar eru mehndlaar og notaar getur matvla- og lyfjaeftirlit Bandarkjanna (U.S. Food and Drug Administration FDA) reyndar sett reglur um r sem lffrilegar afurir ea lyf ar sem strangs eftirlits er krafist hva varar ryggi og prfanir virkni. Snemma september hlt FDA vsindastefnur til a kvara hvernig koma skuli reglum yfir slkar stofur.

Rannsknarflk Mayo Clinic byggi upp snar rannsknir me samykki FDA.

Okkur finnst a ef vi eigum a bja sjklingum okkar upp einhvers konar stofnfrumumefer verum vi a hafa vsindin hreinu, segir Shapiro lknir.

Rannsknin var ger Human Cell Therapy Lab. Mayo. Rannsakendur tku 60 til 90 milliltra af beinmerg r hverjum sjklingi, suu hann svo, fjarlgu ll blkorn og ttu upplausnina niur 4-5 milliltra. Lausninni, sem innihlt tugsundir stofnfrumna, var san dlt hn sjklingsins me hjlp msjr.

Vi tldum alvrunni allar stofnfrumurnar me merkiefni sem FDA samykkir og vi fullvissuum okkur um a r gtu lifa fram sjklingnum, segir Shapiro lknir. a er drt a telja. Flestar stofur taka bara frumur r beinmerg ea fitu og sprauta eim aftur sjklinginn n ess a athuga me stofnfrumurnar og vona san a sjklingnum batni, segir hann.

Shapiro lknir og kollegar hans eru n a undirba nja rannskn sem a skoa hvort stofnfrumurnar rata til annarra skaddara staa, sem og a athuga arar vsbendingar sem fyrri rannsknir leiddu ljs.

Meal rannsakenda voru fr Mayo Clinic yfirrannsakandi Mary L. OConnor, lknarnir Shari E. Kazmerchak, Michael G. Heckman og Abba C. Zubair. Doktor OConnor starfar n vi Yale-hskla. Rannsknin var fjrmgnu me Mayo Clinic Center fyrir uppbyggjandi lkningar.

Um Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic er sjlfseignarstofnun sem helgar sig klnskum strfum, menntun og rannsknum og veitir llum sem urfa lkningu srfrilega, heildrna umnnun.

Egilsstair, 24.07.2019 Jnas Gunnlaugsson


2,5% verblgu, er hgt a hkka launin um 2,5% ri og hkka au ekkert raun, og allir ngir. egar vi bankaeigendur lnum okkur sjlfum, getur a horfi, ef vextir eru lgir ea engir.

Bera saman sl:

Dollarinn og lfeyrissjurinn fellur um 4% ri, og 40% hverri kreppu, td. 15 ra fresti. Er sjur, svo sem lfeyrissjur misskilningur? Sjur til a tma, er eitthva vit honum? a vera gegnum streymis sjur? Muna, peningur er bkhald. Jnas Gunnlaugsson | 4. jn 2019

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Sett blogg: Geir gstsson

sl

etta me verblgu

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Svona get g nota 2,5% verblgu, til hagsbta fyrir mig.

Ef vi hfum 2,5% verblgu, er hgt a hkka launin um 2,5% ri hkka au ekkert, og allir ngir.

Vi vitum og skiljum, a oft mis lukkast framkvmdir, getum vi bankaeigendur losna vi au vandri, 2,5% afskrift ri.

Vi skiljum lka a til a finna a sem vi lifum , arf hugsanlega a gera 90 % sem engu skilar.

egar vi bankaeigendur lnum okkur sjlfum, getur a horfi, ef vextir eru lgir ea engir.

Vi getum hugsa etta betur.

Egilsstair, 27.07.2019 Jnas Gunnlaugsson

Jnas Gunnlaugsson, 27.7.2019 kl. 09:52

Einhversstaar s g a Trump tlai a lta Djprki kaupa gull, og gera a verlaust, peningakerfinu.

egar vi kaupum gull banka, er a aeins tala. Ef vi eigum a holu garinum, eigum vi gull.

Veri gullinu virist vera tr, sem er bygg upp af bakvaldinu, og er oft nota til a spila okkur. g b til allskonar flkjur til a spila flki.

Mr er nkvmlega sama, hva g sel r, ef g f ig til a fra eigur nar til mn.

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Chris Powell, rherra Gold Anti-Trust Action Comittee, segir a 80% af gulleignum, verldinni s ekki til. Ef a er rtt, eru a einhver mestu fjrsvik verldinni. a virist sem hver nsa af gulli s seld fjrum sinnum, s eign fjgurra aila.

Jnas Gunnlaugsson | 13. september 2018

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Starfsmenn J.P. Morgan fru hugun, hugarflug, um hvernig eir gtu auki tekjur fyrirtkisins.

Jnas Gunnlaugsson | 20. janar 2016

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Kreppuflttan, endurteki

Egilsstair, 27.07.2019 Jnas Gunnlaugsson

Jnas Gunnlaugsson, 27.7.2019 kl. 10:15


essi svokallaa kreppufltta er auvita kjarni mlsins, a er a segja hvernig eir sem ra fjrmagninu geta rskast me linn og notfrt sr astuna til eignaupptku - a m kannski segja a kreppuflttan s einmitt komin fyrir dm.

Sett blogg: Gumundur sgeirsson

Endurtreikningur arfur - borgi hfustlinn 26.7.2019 | 16:15

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Athugasemd 8

8 egar g s nafni itt, kemur upp hugann einhver sem skrifai ea sagi a hann hefi reynt a setja a sem g kalla

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Kreppuflttan, endurteki

fyrir dm, en fengi a svar a etta hefi alltaf veri svona.

Nafni sgeir er ef til vill a sem vekur upp essa hugmynd, minningu.

Hva veldur v a Kreppuflttan, endurteki fer ekki fyrir dm?

Egilsstair, 27.07.2019 Jnas Gunnlaugsson

Jnas Gunnlaugsson, 27.7.2019 kl. 17:43

Athugasemd 9

9 Er hgt a setja lg, sem segja a hustll og kostnaur vi ln megi ekki fara yfir hfustl og 10%.

hugsum vi, hverju eiga vxlarar a lifa.

Leikmaur hugsar, lgin eru ekki ngu skrp og stut.

Egilsstair, 27.07.2019 Jnas Gunnlaugsson

Jnas Gunnlaugsson, 27.7.2019 kl. 18:04

Athugasemd 12

12 g er aeins a horfa Kreppuflttan, endurteki og hvernig hn virkar og hvernig hgt er a fra eignirnar fr flkinu og til bankana.

Mr snist a ailar skilji etta, en engin geti teki v vegna stands jmlana.

Gangi r allt haginn.

Egilsstair, 27.07.2019 Jnas Gunnlaugsson

Jnas Gunnlaugsson, 27.7.2019 kl. 21:00

Athugasemd 13

13 essi svokallaa kreppufltta er auvita kjarni mlsins, a er a segja hvernig eir sem ra fjrmagninu geta rskast me linn og notfrt sr astuna til eignaupptku.

A sjlfsgu reynum vi a f hana fyrir dm en a gerist ekki einu lagi heldur arf a taka eitt ml einu og lta egar upp er stai reyna ll atrii sem hgt er. etta hefur einmitt veri gangi rum saman og er alls ekki loki annig a a m kannski segja a kreppuflttan s einmitt komin fyrir dm.

Gumundur sgeirsson, 27.7.2019 kl. 21:07

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Athugasemd 14

14 Skoa verkefni allt um kring, frum vi a skilja a.

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sl

Kennsla gri peninga, bkhalds stjrnun. Allir lri og hjlpi til vi endurskpun fjrmla bkhaldsins, peninganna, ekki sst a hjlpa eim sem eru fastir gamla peningatrarkerfinu. Peningur er bkhald, skrifu tala. 16.3.2018 | 20:08

sl

N er r sagt a selja bankana, er g a spila ig. lni sem g tk til a kaupa bankann, verur a tfldum gra fyrir mig, ur tti g ekki neitt. Gaman, gaman. g er sn, hldum veislu, sklum fyrir fflunum, nei, mismli, fyrir jinni. 13.6.2019 | 18:27

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Bankasaga Bandarkjanna - Vafalaust sst mr yfir helstu atrii og lklega eru nokkur smatrii rng en hr er hgt a f a vita heilmiki um a hva var um peningana okkar, frjlsa landi okkar og heiminn. Allt slensku. 12.4.2019 | 14:45

Egilsstair, 27.07.2019 Jnas Gunnlaugsson

Jnas Gunnlaugsson, 27.7.2019 kl. 22:24


Rannskn hj Daily Caller sasta mnui, greinin nefnir svartan lista, sem kemur veg fyrir a visst efni birtist srstkum leitum leitarvlunum, Svarti listinn felur haldssamar vefsur, svo sem Breitbart, American Spectator, og Gateway pundit.

Internet Censorship Is Oddly Ironic

http://partiallypolitics.com/2019/07/internet-censorship-is-oddly-ironic/?listab_list=listab_list

The Problem

000

Snishorn.

Endursgn samkvmt skilningi.

Vandamli

Fjlmilar hafa fyrir lngu san htt a ra mlefnin me sanngjrnum htti, hlutlg umra, n er umran plitsk.

sjnvarpinu getum vi enn skipt fr CNN og yfir Fox, og fum mismunandi sjnarmi heiminn.

a er ru vsi internetinu, ar sen leitarvlar og samflagsmilar, geta tt haldsmum umfjllunum til hliar, annig a fjldin sr umfjllun ekki, og etta virist vera leyfilegt.

Rmlega 66% af Bandarkjamnnum, f frttirnar af samflagsmilum.

flestum skilningi, eru tknifyrirtkin dag strri og flugri en oluflagi Standard Oil var, egar v var skipt upp smrri einingar, segir Senatorinn fyrir Texas, Tom Curz.

Ef tknifyrirtkin nota einokun til a ritskoa plitska umru, er komi einokunar vandaml.

kafla 230 um fjarskipti decency Act, er leyfi fyrir flagsleg fjlmilafyrirtki a fjarlgja efni sem eir telja "vieigandi, gulegt, sandi, klrt, hflega ofbeldi, reitni, ea annan htt hneykslanlegt."

Dmsrskurur vegna kafla 230, virist gefa flagslegum fjlmila fyrirtkjum mguleika a fjarlgja notendur og efni af hvaa stu sem er.

Gagnrnendur halda v fram a vefsvi eins og Facebook og Twitter tti ekki a falla undir kafla 230 vegna ess a eir eru ekki a hega sr sem hlutlaus vettvangur.

"Bi Facebook og Twitter eru n talin vera tgefendur" undir kafla 230... sem eru undanegnir fr eirri lagalegu byrg efni sem er vefsunum, "tskrir haldssamt tmarit Human Events .

Hins vegar er erfitt a halda v fram a eir su a vinna sem hlutlausir"tgefendur" egar eir eru raun andstan a kynna hugmyndir, innlegg, og flk sem eir eru sammla, me v a leyfa llum a skoa en ritskoa, fela hugmyndir og innlegg flks sem eir eru ekki sammla. "

haldsmenn tldu a htknifyrirtkin, hefu strt v hva flki gat fundi netinu forsetakosningunum 2016, og var a krt.

gtt dmi er Google, sem var uppvst a v a sj um a leitarvlunum fundu allir neikvar frttir af Trump en jkvar frttir af Hillary Clinton.

Rannskn hj Daily Caller sasta mnui, greinin er fr 19 July 2019, leiddi ljs svartan lista, sem kemur veg fyrir a visst efni birtist srstkum leitum leitarvlunum,

Svarti listinn felur haldssamar vefsur, til a mynda Breitbart, American Spectator, og Gateway pundit.

essi feluleikur me umruna, er til skammar fyrir veraldarvefinn, sem tti a hafa sannleikann a leiarljsi.

Endursgn samkvmt skilningi.

g endursegi ekki lengra.

Egilsstair, 21.07.2019 Jnas Gunnlaugsson


Hlaa hugann inn tlvu. (Hva skildi a vera sem hr er kalla hugur? Jg) Vi skiljum ekki hvort vi erum raunveruleg. (Hva er a vera raunverulegur? Jg) Skiljum ekki raunveruleikann erum vi sndarveruleiki? hvernig a skilja a?


ert sndarmynd og elisfrin getur sanna a. (Allt bendir til a a s rtt. Jg)

You are a Simulation & Physics Can Prove It:

George Smoot at TEDxSalford
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Chfoo9NBEow

Vi vitum allir, a efni er ekki til, efni er aeins orkumynd, sndarveruleiki. jg

Klikka mynd, strri

sim-01

Hlaa hugann inn tlvu. (Hva skildi a vera sem hr er kalla hugur? Jg)

sim-02

Vi skiljum ekki hvort vi erum raunveruleg. (Hva er a vera raunverulegur? Jg)

sim-03

Vi erum illa til ess fallin a skilja raunveruleikann erum vi sndarveruleiki? (Hvernig a skilja a? jg)

sim-04

Mynd af heilanum tekin tma, 45 mntur af tengingum mannsheila.
Textauppskrift
00:00
Translator: Robert Tucker Reviewer: Helena Bedalli
00:16
Thank you, it's a pleasure to be here.
00:18
They asked me if I wanted a drink before I came on
00:20
and I asked for a pint but they gave me water.
00:23
(Laughter)
00:24
So, following the other speakers I have a change of pace,
00:27
a little bit of a fun talk.
00:29
And what I am going try and do is convince you you're a stimulation,
00:32
and that physics can prove it, okay?
00:35
(Laughter)
00:36
So, instead of a usual uplifting talk, this is a different kind of talk.
00:39
Okay, so, there's one thing you know for certain,
00:43
that is that you exist as a flesh and blood human being;
00:46
my goal is to convince you otherwise. Okay?
00:50
So, logic is not going to be enough,
00:52
you guys are going to be simulation deniers,
00:56
there's just no way round it.
00:58
So, my actual goal will be to actually create a sliver of doubt in your minds,
01:01
so that you actually think about this, and what it might mean. Okay?
01:06
So, here's is the first check about simulations.
01:09
How many of you have ever played a computer game?
01:11
Just raise your hands.
01:13
Ah, alright.
01:14
So, did you do it against simulated player or simulated players?
01:18
Or, in fact, was it you, several people plus simulated people?
01:23
Right. And what role did you take? Was it a pawn or a hero?
01:27
What role do you have in life? Is it pawn or hero?
01:30
Right. Are you the king, for example?
01:33
(Laughter)
01:34
I don't see him here... but...
01:38
Now, the other thing you might ask, if you were a social scientist,
01:41
or other kind of scientist like a cosmologist:
01:43
Would you like to run realistic simulations
01:45
to test and develop your theories? Likewise for political candidates.
01:48
Right? So, I'm just trying to see there's motivation for it.
01:52
And then the question is: Are computation and simulation capabilities
01:57
increasing over time?
01:59
So, think of the HetNOS, think about Moore's law,
02:02
think about what computer you had when you were young
02:04
and what you have on you now, not that you're not all young still.
02:07
Okay, that's just setting you up for having the doubt.
02:10
Okay, so we'll take a little journey into philosophy.
02:14
Solipsism is the idea that one's own mind is the only thing that's sure to exist.
02:19
It turns out, people have been studying this for decades,
02:22
and realizes both irrefutable and indefensible at the same time,
02:27
so have this point of view,
02:29
and that it's not a falsifiable hypothesis,
02:32
there are people who work on this issue.
02:34
So, there doesn't seem to be any imaginable disproof that you can have,
02:38
so even if you have a Solipsan, he dies,
02:40
you can't falsify his belief, because he's not there to do it.
02:44
This is a pragmatic dead end, it's kind of like what we have on TV now,
02:47
which is, you know, zombie philosophy.
02:52
But there is an opposite, that is philosophical zombies.
02:57
There's a slight use to philosophical zombies.
02:59
So what is the idea here?
03:02
The philosophical zombie is a hypothetical being
03:04
that in this thing what you all thought a normal human being,
03:07
that is everybody you think you are, you know what you think you are,
03:10
except that it lacks conscious experience, qualia or sentience.
03:14
So, if you take a philosophical zombie and poke it with a sharp object,
03:18
it doesn't feel any pain, however, it behaves exactly as if it does.
03:22
It would say "ouch" and do all the usual kind of things.
03:26
So, what the zombie is there for, is to support the idea
03:30
that the world includes two kinds of things: the mental and the physical,
03:34
or the concepts and the physical world around you.
03:38
And so that's the idea.
03:40
So, we have in cosmology, lots of things. We have the anthropic principal,
03:44
that is, a philosophical concept that the universe must be compatible
03:47
with conscious life that observes it.
03:49
And there's a strong version and a weak version.
03:51
One of them that says the universe is compelled to have conscious life emerge,
03:55
and the other says that the universe is fine-tuned for life to be necessary.
04:00
And this is pretty much in line with a lot of even more specific kind of ideas,
04:05
from conservative Christianity and Islam, that there's intelligent design,
04:11
or that there could be like a simulation. I'm working on you... so....
04:16
And we also have the idea of multiverses,
04:19
that there are many different kinds... there's a metauniverse
04:21
and there's many possible universes inside of it.
04:24
And there are different reasons for that, quantum mechanics,
04:27
but also a way to explain whether physical constants happen to be the ones
04:30
that make this auditorium possible.
04:33
And so, you know, one way is to have that many real universes,
04:38
the other way is just to make a lot of simulations.
04:40
So, your choice. Okay, so now we move on.
04:43
Here's the crux of the arguments,
04:45
and these arguments have been around for more than 30 years,
04:49
they were first published 30 years ago,
04:52
and what people went to a lot of trouble to show,
04:55
that one of these three things is extremely likely to be true.
04:58
So, you get your choice between No. 1, No. 2 and No. 3,
05:01
just like the doors, look what's behind each door.
05:04
The first one is: Human civilization is unlikely
05:07
to reach a level of technological maturity
05:09
capable of producing simulated realities, or it's physically impossible.
05:13
Okay, so we made some progress in 30 years and I'll mention that.
05:17
The second is: Comparable civilizations throughout the universe
05:21
which do reach that capability
05:24
will choose not to make simulations
05:27
in such a large scale that, in fact, the probability of being a simulated being
05:32
is much higher than probability of being a real being.
05:34
So, those are your choices, right --
05:39
there's some other choices, but they're extraordinarily unlikely,
05:41
and we can pretty much rule them out.
05:44
And the 3rd choice is: Any entities with our general set of experiences
05:47
are almost certainly to be living in a simulation.
05:50
That would be us. Right? Okay? In case you guys aren't paying attention.
05:54
(Chuckles)
05:56
Okay. So, let's talk about making simulator realities by humans.
06:00
So, will humans produce realistic simulations?
06:03
And the answer is yes.
06:05
I have to keep coming back because I just wrote this talk
06:07
and so I don't remember what I have to say.
06:10
And, so, the answer to that is clearly yes, you guys already proved it,
06:15
because there's a lot of money to be made in making computer games,
06:18
simulated realities.
06:20
And the better the simulator reality, the more people you get involved in it.
06:23
There's a lot of entertainment, we have a lot of animated movies.
06:26
Now, we're going to have animated interactive movies
06:29
and videos and pornography.
06:32
So, you know, you can't rule out pornography,
06:34
in the early days of the Internet, pornography was the No. 1 commerce,
06:39
it was roughly half the commerce in the Internet in the early days.
06:42
And even today, 50% of the bits that are transmitted on the Internet
06:46
are transmitted for porn.
06:49
So, you can wonder: Why is it? Well, originally stories
06:51
and then there got to be pictures, and then there got to be videos,
06:54
pretty soon there'll be interactive videos.
06:56
So, it's clear there is a tremendous financial motivation,
06:59
and especially here in Media City,
07:01
where people make their living out of these kind of things.
07:03
So, how... I'm not sure which of the three, But OK.
07:09
How detailed and how accurate will the simulations be?
07:12
And the answer turns out, as we know from experience,
07:15
computation power is the first issue,
07:17
you have to have tremendously good computation power
07:19
to make a really good quality simulation,
07:22
and good programming, that is good software,
07:24
to explain what's going on, that's the second.
07:26
But, clearly we're making progress, just look at the games, look at PONG,
07:31
and look at that the kind of video games we have now. So, we'll see.
07:36
What about simulations by other civilizations?
07:39
So, now we know a lot more about this than we did 30 years ago.
07:42
We've made tremendous progress.
07:44
We've discovered more than 2,000 other stars
07:47
that have planetary systems around them.
07:49
And we know there is at least on the order of a billion or more habitable planets
07:54
in our galaxy, and there's about a 100 billion galaxies
07:57
for around 10^20 to 10^22 depending what your range
08:01
possible sites for life and then advanced civilizations in the universe.
08:06
So, what are the chances that the earth is the most advanced,
08:10
the most computationally powerful.
08:12
Well, the odds, you got to be really, pretty much thinking you're special,
08:17
to think that the odds are that we're the top.
08:25
So, the question is: Will advanced beings run simulations?
08:32
And, in fact, will simulated beings run simulations?
08:35
If we're simulated, are we running simulations in our simulations,
08:38
simulations all the way down? If you know the things.
08:42
So, even the people running our simulation don't know if they're a simulation or not.
08:50
It's interesting, because it creates ethics and a bunch of things
08:54
because there might be somebody watching you.
08:57
So, are ethical considerations likely to stop every single civilization
09:01
from running simulations and running large numbers of simulations?
09:05
Well, the answer I think is "no".
09:08
What if doing simulations is likely to say what we think are real lives?
09:11
Right? We're willing to do the simulations
09:13
even though they're being strapped in that simulation, right?
09:16
Conscious beings.
09:17
And the other thing you might consider is how do human beings
09:20
treat what they think are real human beings.
09:23
How's the ethical treatment on our Earth?
09:26
And how much more is society likely to advance
09:28
before we're doing
09:31
very advanced simulations of civilizations and beings?
09:36
So, we'll probably all be in a simulation. The lights are not on enough in here,
09:40
but look to the left and look to the right,
09:42
if there's anybody here you think is a real person, this is a random sample,
09:46
then you're probably not. (Laughter)
09:50
But, you know, If you think you're a social scientist
09:53
or an anthropologist or something, and you want to run
09:56
and see how the civilizations rise and fall,
09:58
you'll run simulations with up to billions of people.
10:02
And you will run many of those simulations,
10:04
so it's not so hard to imagine you'll get up to the level
10:07
of 10^12:1 simulated beings to unsimulated beings,
10:12
that's why the probability becomes fairly likely
10:14
that any being that has a behavior or activities and experiences like us
10:19
is simulated.
10:22
Sorry, I got some sunscreen in my eye.
10:26
Put on sunscreen this morning in case it was an unusual day in England.
10:29
(Laughter)
10:32
And I got a little in my eye here.
10:34
So let's talk about how we're going to do the simulations on the Earth.
10:39
This is part of going back to convince you
10:42
that we're going to have realistic simulations
10:43
and we're going to have artificial reality to go with it.
10:47
So, can we take a real brain and make it into a virtual mind?
10:50
And the answer is: So, here is the purple real brain,
10:54
and the neurons behind it, it's this neural net,
10:57
it's the regional neural net, as far as we're concerned.
11:00
And then on the left, yeah your left,
11:03
there is the beginnings of a mapping of a brain,
11:07
so that I can take and map that brain, and just place it into a computer.
11:11
So, how's that going to work?
11:12
The answer is, it's going to work just fine,
11:15
because we're there to the point where we can do it now.
11:18
So, here is a high-resolution, 45-minute brain scan
11:22
that was done in February.
11:24
And 45 minutes, that's how long you have to hold the person's head still,
11:28
in order to make a map to this level.
11:31
And what you can see here are the main --
11:33
Let's see if the laser pointer works -- -- No --
11:35
So, you can see here the main highways in your brain.
11:39
They're mapped out by this, and this is basically an MRI
11:43
I got a scan of my brain done and I was really impressed,
11:46
to prove that I had a brain, but one of my friends got an fMRI
11:49
to prove that his brain worked. (Laughter)
11:53
The thing that's impressive about this
11:56
is that the MRI's are getting so good now,
12:00
you can map to the individual neuron level.
12:03
The problem is there's a lot of neurons,
12:05
so you have to hold the head still for a long time,
12:07
and that's an advance in the ability to do the mapping,
12:10
and also in the software for doing that mapping.
12:13
And, so, that's where we are today.
12:15
If we can hold the person still long enough, if we can find a volunteer
12:18
that we can put, you know,
12:20
the little plastic thing on their head, to hold their head still for some days,
12:24
which is a little bit of a problem, we could probably go ahead
12:27
and map their entire brain,
12:30
and then just transform that map into a computer model,
12:33
and we would have that person's mind downloaded into a computer.
12:37
This is coming and this is coming soon,
12:40
just like it's now possible for the order of 1,000 to get your DNA mapped,
12:47
it's going to cost you something,
12:49
in about 30 years it's going to be possible
12:52
to download your brain into a computer for about 1,000 pounds,
12:56
plus inflation. (Laughter)
13:00
Could go up, could go down. Right?
13:02
But there's tremendous advances in technology
13:05
and these are making it possible to do things that before we were without.
13:08
So, I have quote from a Google expert,
13:10
we'll be uploading entire minds to computers in 2045.
13:13
He also says we'll do bodies too, I'm thinking we won't do bodies,
13:17
what we'll do is we'll take that mind and keep it from going out of its mind,
13:22
we'll put it on artificial reality,
13:23
it's in the computer, it's going to get bored,
13:25
wants entertainment, wants social interactions,
13:28
so we're going to create artificial realities.
13:30
Now, in the old days, we'd make a thing like that,
13:32
if you remember the matrix. Right?
13:34
Ones and zeros, now, in fact, we may use quantum computers,
13:37
so we'll have entangled states,
13:39
but, in fact, it'll be some kind of a complicated environment
13:41
where we can interact socially, because people want to be social,
13:45
so there'll have to be thousands of people to interact with,
13:47
and there'll have to be all kinds of other things
13:50
in order to make that artificial environment
13:52
sort of realistic and keep you going.
13:54
And remember, when you download your brain,
13:56
you're going to think about a million times faster,
13:59
you're going to experience life about a million times faster.
14:01
It's going to be a very different kind of a situation.
14:04
You know? The idea of going back and machines
14:05
and go out in the real world where things are still slow slow,
14:08
you're going to get tired of doing that.
14:11
And the size of simulated porn isn't so good in the real world.
14:16
Okay, so, now, the other thing I have to do
14:19
is to attack your certainty.
14:23
So, I have to point out to you, human beings are not good at figuring out
14:27
if they're real.
14:29
So, your mind is really not equipped
14:31
for addressing this and many other important questions.
14:34
So, the first question I'm going to give you
14:36
is count the number black dots.
14:38
(Laughter)
14:40
It's a still picture and there's no video.
14:50
Here we go. You see this picture?
14:53
How many of you see the horse in the picture?
14:56
How many of you cannot see the horse in the picture?
14:59
Once you see the horse, it's hard not to see the horse.
15:02
And I want to show a picture of an object and ask you: Can it be real?
15:07
And then I'm going to tell you, it's a photograph,
15:09
the watch is real, the paper's real, the desk is real,
15:13
Is that object real?
15:15
Well, it's a photograph, so it's a real in some sense,
15:18
as is this, and for me, this object flips back and forth.
15:25
Here's the real version of that, made out of 2x4s, focused at different angles,
15:34
and you see it's an optical illusion where your eye puts it together.
15:38
And here's another example, and this is another example, just for fun,
15:44
because you know it's just rotated,
15:46
but the first response is: Phew, that's weird.
15:48
So, here's one you're going to get the answer to.
15:50
Which of these is longer?
15:54
So, they're the same. How come? It doesn't really look that way to you.
15:58
You knew that I was tricking you, so you understand,
16:02
well, you still look at it, and think, well, but I'd better check now.
16:05
because I know I'm going to make mistakes.
16:07
Okay, so one more.
16:10
I'll skip the lilac chaser on the other side,
16:13
and just ask you about the stuff on the right.
16:15
Are those lines straight or not?
16:18
Well,they are straight, but to your eyes,
16:20
it's really hard to convince you they're straight.
16:23
Your brain is set to do other things.
16:27
Here's another Bayesian reading test --
16:30
in the land of Bayes that we do it.
16:32
There's many examples you can give this, but a cab was involved in a hit-and-run,
16:36
and two cab companies are in the town,
16:39
green cabs and blue cabs.
16:41
And they operate: 85% of the cabs are green, 15% are blue.
16:46
The witness says the cab was blue.
16:48
When he's tested, he gets it right 80% of the time,
16:50
or she gets it right 80 % of the time.
16:53
What's the probability that it really was a blue cab?
16:55
You have to go through the calculation carefully,
16:58
this is the only equation, usually when I put equations up people go -- but --
17:03
it's almost 60% chance that the cab was green,
17:07
even though this person gets it 80% right.
17:09
And this is relevant, but there are other kinds of test like that.
17:12
So, you can have tests that are even more powerful,
17:14
like the test for breast cancer is 99% correct;
17:17
it gets the wrong answer 1% of the time.
17:19
But roughly a thousand times as many people,
17:22
who... you know, 1,000 of the people that get tested actually have breast cancer,
17:25
so, when you get the first response that you have breast cancer,
17:29
it‡s only a 10% that chance you really do, it's not to you get the next test.
17:33
But the10%, you know, the 10 people are freaked out.
17:36
Humans aren't ready for dealing with that kind of thing.
17:40
Okay, so, it's because we lack computing power.
17:43
So, we have compromises in our algorithms, right?
17:46
Humans, therefore, are susceptible to optical illusions,
17:51
systematic errors in judgment -- I'm running out of time --
17:53
I should have gone faster -- I got confident --
17:55
difficulty with complex decisions -- and keeping on time --
17:59
and the ability to function in a prehistoric world,
18:02
which was the important one, you know.
18:03
Only a few percent of the humans got wiped out,
18:06
before they were able to reproduce, okay?
18:08
So, simulations are going to make the same kind or similar approximates.
18:11
So, we have many contradictions.
18:14
We could see if our physics is inconsistent,
18:18
then it's likely we're in a simulation, if physics is self-consistent
18:21
it's more likely we're real, because it just takes more to do that.
18:24
So, then one of the implications is, if we're in a simulated environment
18:29
what we're going to do? Well, we're going to be discretized,
18:32
that is fuzzy on a small scale, we're going to have entangled states,
18:35
it means quantum mechanics. We have the holographic principle,
18:38
that everything inside every environment is enclosed on the surface.
18:41
So, here's an example.
18:43
The hand and the apple
18:45
are encoded on a geometrical sheet but projected into three dimensions,
18:48
that's a way to keep track of everything,
18:50
and the large scale in space and time may not match the small scale.
18:55
So, let me finish up.
18:57
Human beings are ill-equipped for determining reality.
19:00
Physics, so this is actually a selling thing for physics,
19:03
is a fundamental test of our realness. Currently we have contradictions.
19:07
Is that because we're not good at resolving things,
19:10
or is it because we're in a simulation? And what would that mean?
19:14
Thank you.
19:16
(Applause)


Egilsstair, 16.07.2019 Jnas Gunnlaugsson


S gti Magns Ver, var fjrgang sterkasti maur heims, og fr stofnfrumumefer hnjm og var frbr eftir ager. Hva tefur Rfrna a lta slendinga njta ageranna, innan trygginga? annig a allir gri, og ngir.

Sgti Magns Ver, var fjrgang sterkasti maur heims, og fr stofnfrumumefer hnjm og stendur sig frbrlega vel eftir ager. Hva tefur Rfrna a lta slendinga njta ageranna, me asto sjkratrygginganna? Gerum etta annig a allir gri, og allir ngir. Hva tefur?

000

Frttablai

https://www.frettabladid.is/sport/magnus-ver-sigradi-kazmaier-i-herkulesarhaldi-eftir-thrjatiu-ara-hle/

Skemmst er fr v a segja a Magns hafi betur. Hlt hann stlpunum hundra sekndur mean Kaz maier hlt tjn.

a a Magns hafi nlega gengist undir stofnfrumumefer hnjm.

000

arna fer Magns Ver stofnfrumu ager, stofnfrumunum er trlega sprauta hn.

Munum a stofnfrumuager og stofnfrumuager er ekki alltaf a sama. Sumar stofurnar telja frumurnar,og auka magni, rktun,og hafa jafn vel stofnfrumu banka. arna urfa okkar frbru lknar aupplsa okkur umleiirnar.

Okkar frbra Rfr, Svands Svavarsdttir.

Hvers vegna geta venjulegir slendingar, Ptur og Pll og Jn og Gunna, ekki fengi essa stofnfrumu ager hr slandi?

Flki lndunum hpast essa mefer, hundru sunda, og agerarstofurnar eru mrg hundru +.

Flki virist a ngt me stofnfrumu mefer a hn auglsir sig sjlf.

Hva tefur?

Gerum etta annig a allir gri, og allir ngir.

sl

Sent vorri frbru Rfr Svandsi Svavarsdttur, og til Sjkratrygginga slands, blogginu. Drfum a nverandi ailar, sem eru a hjlpa okkur, fi kennslu stofnfrumu lkningum, og a vi njtum fram okkar gu og hagkvmu lknisjnustu.

Jnas Gunnlaugsson | 25. aprl 2019

Hvernig m a vera, a slendingar, og reyndar Norurlandajirnar, f ekki a njta ntma lknisjnustu? Stofnfrumu agerir, eru framkvmdar vtt um verldina, heimin, en koma ekki til slands og Norurlandana? Ef spurt er, er sagt a etta s

000

Majo Clinic, frekar FDA, gerir stofnfrumu mefer hnjm, og fr vntar niurstur, a mr skilst, r virka. Ver Mayo Rochester*, 584.644 kr Bruno** Tkklandi, 1.600.000 kr. Ekki endilega samskonar ager, og taka tillit til gengis mismunar.

Jnas Gunnlaugsson | 28. nvember 2018

Athuga near, * og ** a eru a minsta kosti 600 stofnfrumu agerar stvar Bandarkjunum, sem bja hinar msu stofnfrumu agerir, yfir 100.000, eitt hundra sund sjklingum, a tali er ... there are at least 600 stem cell clinics in the U.S.

sl

Fr a leita a stofnfrumu ager hn, nlgt Boston, styttra flug, og fr a skoa etta. (The prices for various treatments vary from $900 to $6,000.) a 800.000 krnur. slensk endursgn er komin.

Jnas Gunnlaugsson | 28. aprl 2019

slensk endursgn er komin. (slenska etta, ?.) 000 Hr fyrri umfjllun. sl - https://jonasg-egi.blog.is/blog/jonasg-egi/entry/2226503/ 000 Alternative to Knee Replacement & Surgery

Sl

a minnsta 600 stofnfrumu agerar stvar Bandarkjunum, bja stofnfrumu agerir, yfir eitt hundra sund sjklingum, a tali er. Er a satt, a borga urfi tvo til fjra milljara dollara til a f samykki yfirvalda meali, afer?

Jnas Gunnlaugsson | 29. nvember 2018

sl Majo Clinic, frekar FDA, gerir stofnfrumu mefer hnjm, og fr vntar niurstur, a mr skilst, r virka. Ver Mayo Rochester, 584.644 kr Bruno Tkklandi, 1.600.000 kr. Ekki endilega samskonar ager, og taka tillit til gengis

000

Egilsstair, 11.07. 2017 Jnas Gunnlaugsson


Trjplntur vaxa miki betur grurhsi, ar sem btt er vi lfslofti, sem er n kalla mengun, a er kolsru og svo til samanburar grurhsi, me engri vi bttri kolsru, lfslofti, mengun.

etta er nokku merkilegt, a kalla lfslofti mengum, og setja au farartki skammarkrkinn, sem skila fr sr lfslofti, koltvsringi.

Sl

A tala um essa undirstulofttegund gufuhvolfinu, byggingarefni sjlfs lfsins sem mengun, eins og grurhsatrarmenn gera ofstki snu og ffri. Af 400 grmmum tonni andrmslofts eru kannski 10 grmm mannger, hugsanlega miklu minna.

Jnas Gunnlaugsson | 6. mars 2019

er tali allt a, sem hefur streymt fr v rdaga af essari snilegu, lyktarlausu lofttegund upp r jrinni r llum lg- og hhitasvum jarar ofansjvar og nean auk ess sem eldfjllin leggja ru hvoru til. Jafnvel msum jarfrilega

sl

grurhsahrif

Jnas Gunnlaugsson | 1. mars 2015

akka r kennsluna, A flta sldinni 4. tgfa endurskou Hfundur Vilhjlmur Eyrsson frleg lesning. Er hugsanlegt a Suurskautsjkullinn veri svo ykkur, a hann geti orsaka mndulveltu.? Getur rstingurinn ori svo mikill a jkullinn

000

Allur grni grurinn vex helmingi meira ef koltvsringurinn eykst loftinu.

sl

Myndirnar sem g, Jay Lehr sndi Trump. - hrif loftslagsbreytinga. - G hrif af koltvsringi. - Gur fyrir plntur og trjgrur. - Gur fyrir akrana, uppskeruna. - Gur fyrir dralfi. - Gur fyrir heilsuna. - Gur fyrir vxt efnahagslfsina.

Jnas Gunnlaugsson | 2. desember 2018

J, greium vi eim sem aka um vistvnum, bensn og dsel blum, srstaka uppbt fyrir a fra allar plnturnar, trn, akrana, og reyndar allt lf jrinni. Vi ll drin skginum, lifum grrinum, sem lifir koltvsringnum. Auvita vitum

Hr kemur plmatr flsku, ef til vill 20 metra htt. Til a tr deyi ekki r nringarskorti, tla dsel bla eigendur, a aka upp a trnu, og tengja slngu vi psti, sti, sem kenur fr vlinni, og krana flskunni, 3 mntur 3x slahring

Jnas Gunnlaugsson | 1. ma 2019

egar meiri hiti hefur veri jrinni, hafa risi merkilegustu heimsveldin, hefur grurinn dafna svo vel, a allir hafa haft gng matar. hefur menningin risi hst, hefur urft frri til a vinna a matarfluninni, og hafa margir

Menningin og fuflun manna og dra er mest hlskeium. ur notuu hrslu hlnunar trar sinnar ori hlnun, n nota eir veur breytingar. a myndi gagnast Jrinni mjg ef allir boruu afurir jarargrans, vi httum a bora drin Jrinni.

Meira

Hr vantar sl, ar sem hfundur snir hva trjplntur vaxa miki betur grurhsi, ar sem btt er vi lfslofti, sem er n kalla mengun, a er kolsru og svo til samanburar grurhsi, me engri vi bttri kolsru, lfslofti, mengun.

Hr er slin.

Loftslagsbreytingar eftir gst H Bjarnason ttu allir a lesa.

Egilsstair, 09.07.2019 Jnas Gunnlaugsson


mbl.is Rafblar losa 75-80% minna
Tilkynna um vieigandi tengingu vi frtt

President Trump slams China, Europe over currency manipulation - Trump has criticized the Fed for raising interest rates. Higher rates generally increase the value of a countrys currency. Trump n skipa 6 af 7 stum, fulltrum hj Federal Reserve,

Hrri vextir hkka gengi vikomandi gjaldeyri, og verur vikomandi j skuldugri.

Me svona hundaknstum, hefur fjrmlakerfi s um a jirnar og fyrirtkin, su sem skuldugust einka fjrmlakerfinu. jg

President Trump slams China, Europe over currency manipulation as he defends July 4 event cost

Published: July 3, 2019 12:27 p.m. ET

https://www.marketwatch.com/story/president-trump-slams-china-europe-over-currency-manipulation-as-he-defends-july-4-event-cost-2019-07-03?mod=mixifeed

Trumps tweet came a day after he announced two picks for the Federal Reserve, Judy Shelton and Christopher Waller.

Trump has criticized the Fed for raising interest rates. Higher rates generally increase the value of a countrys currency.

000

hefur Trump skipa 6 af 7 stum, fulltrum hj Federal Reserve, sem hefur veri kallaur selabanki Bandarkjana, heimsins, hefur veri rekinn sem einkabanki, og ttst lna junum.

Vi vitum a peningar eru bkhald. Jg

Trump nominates Christopher Waller, Judy Shelton for Fed board

Published: July 2, 2019 8:56 p.m. ET

https://www.marketwatch.com/story/trump-nominates-christopher-waller-judy-shelton-for-fed-board-2019-07-02

With the latest nominations, Trump will have filled six of the Fed boards seven seats including tapping Powell to be Fed chairman when Trump decided not to offer Janet Yellen a second term as chair. The number of Trump choices on the Fed board, however, has not stopped the president from attacking the central bank and Powell specifically for pursing monetary policies that the president believes are harming the economy.

000

Hr ttu a koma slir.

Bankasaga Bandarkjanna - Vafalaust sst mr yfir helstu atrii og lklega eru nokkur smatrii rng en hr er hgt a f a vita heilmiki um a hva var um peningana okkar, frjlsa landi okkar og heiminn. Allt slensku.

12.4.2019 | 14:45

N er r sagt a selja bankana, er g a spila ig. lni sem g tk til a kaupa bankann, verur a tfldum gra fyrir mig, ur tti g ekki neitt. Gaman, gaman. g er sn, hldum veislu, sklum fyrir fflunum, nei, mismli, fyrir jinni.

13.6.2019 | 18:27

Egilsstair, 04.07.2019 Jnas Gunnlaugsson


Mikill minnihluti Reykvkinga samykkti a flugvllurinn fri r Vatnsmrinni. a mttu aeins 18,35 %, a er 14.913 kjsendur, sem vildu flugvllinn burt, af 81.258 kjsendum, og 14.529 af eim sem vildu hafa Reykjavkurflugvll Vatnsmrinni.

Borgarstjrn Reykjavkur samykkti fyrir kosningar, a r yru ekki bindandi nema, a rr fjru kjrskr Reykjavk greidduatkvi. etta leiddi til ess a upp kom s hugmynd a best vri a hunsa kosninguna, en egar ljs kom, a borgarstjrnin fr ekki eftir essari samykkt, var ljst, a a a kjsa ekki, voru mikil mistk.

000

sl

Reykjavkurflugvllur, upprifjun

10.11.2014 | 07:28

Mikill minnihluti Reykvkinga samykkti a flugvllurinn fri r Vatnsmrinni.

ooo

a mttu aeins 18,35 %, a er 14.913 kjsendur,

sem vildu flugvllinn burt, af 81.258 kjsendum.

ooo

Einnig mttu aeins, 14.529 af eim sem vildu hafa Reykjavkurflugvll Vatnsmrinni.

ooo

a munai aeins 384 atkvum

ooo

Borgarstjrn Reykjavkur samykkti fyrir kosningar,

a r yru ekki bindandi nema,

a rr fjru kjrskr Reykjavk

greidduatkvi.

ooo

etta leiddi til ess a upp kom s hugmynd a best vri a hunsa kosninguna,

en egar ljs kom,

a borgarstjrnin fr ekki eftir essari samykkt,

var ljst,

a a a kjsa ekki,

voru mikil mistk.

http://jonasg-egi.blog.is/blog/jonasg-egi/entry/1310267/

Egilsstair, 02.07.2019 Jnas Gunnlaugsson


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